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International Journal of Advanced Biomedicine
An International Journal


Volumes > Vol. 2 > No. 3


Morphometric Studies on the Femorotibial Joint in Cattle

PP: 73-85
Abdalla Hifny, Kamal Eldin Hashem Abdalla, Yousria A. Abdel Rahman, Ruwaida Abdelmoaty Elhanbaly, Khaled Aly, Ahmed M. Kotb,
Results obtained in this work reveals significant differences in the dimensions of the medial and lateral condyles of the femur. The condyles are convex in both directions. The cranoicaudal convexity of the medial condyle (116.920.33mm) is lesser than that of the lateral one (120.421.16 mm). The mediolateral dimension of the medial condyle (68.651.31 mm) is smaller than that of the lateral condyle (76.910.05 mm). However the articular surface of the medial condyle of the tibia is larger than the lateral one. The present finding reveals that the axial border of the menisci is thin and concave forming a U- shaped notch. Through this notch there is a communication between the proximal and distal compartments of the medial and lateral sacs of the femorotibial joint. The area of communication is large at the medial side. The cruciate ligaments are two strong bands, cranial and caudal, situated mainly in the intercondyloid area of the femur between the two femorotibial synovial sacs. The cranial cruciate ligament is represented by two bands; the cranial and caudal. The collateral ligaments of the femorotibial joint are long as they extend more distally from the margin of the articular surfaces, the medial one is longer than the lateral this leads to instability of movement.

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