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World Research of Political Science Journal
An International Journal


Volumes > Volume 5 > No. 1


The Role of Internal and External Factors in the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) Crisis

PP: 25-38
Mariam Hassan, Mohamed Nour Al-Bosrati,
Water issues have become one of the first priorities of countries, so they set out to develop future plans and water policies to preserve and develop the available water resources and rationalize their use, and to search for new water resources by using alternatives to increase their water wealth. The Nile countries are among the countries that suffer from scarcity in a desert region where surface water sources are lacking, and their location outside the heavy rain belts made them suffer from a decrease in rainfall rates, and the waters of major rivers come from outside their lands, as the Nile originates from outside the lands of Egypt and Sudan. It should also be noted that water security faces many human and natural threats. The conflict over the Renaissance Dam is part of a long-standing conflict between Egypt and Sudan - downstream countries - on one hand, and Ethiopia and the riparian states on the other hand over access to the Nile waters, which are considered the life of millions. Despite intense disagreements, Ethiopia continues to press ahead with the dam, arguing that the hydroelectric project will significantly improve livelihoods in the region on a larger scale. This conflict is influenced by a number of factors that resulted in the difficulty of reaching a resolution which constitutes a threat to the Egyptian water security.

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