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International Journal of Learning Management Systems



Attitudes of Students at the University of Bahrain toward Teaching and Learning Literature in an EFL Classroom

Abdulaziz M. Bulaila,
Abstract :
This study aims to reveal attitudes of undergraduate students at the University of Bahrain toward literature and explore a range of factors likely to affect their reflections on literature learning in an EFL classroom. A total of 70 students enrolled in literature courses participated in the study. Applying mixed method research design, a 28-item questionnaire was used to measure students attitudes toward literature courses and to collect quantitative data, and was supplemented by open-ended questions for qualitative data. The findings suggest that participants have positive attitudes toward literature teaching and learning. The findings also suggest learners characteristics and level of proficiency in English, teaching methods and culture significantly contribute to the construction of favorable attitudes and in enhancing students perceptions toward literature as a medium of learning English, although students were less enthusiastic about the teaching methods used by teachers and the selection of the teaching material. The aspects of literature integration into language learning in an EFL class are discussed.


Teaching in online Classes: Social Presence from the Perspective of Michel Foucault and René Magritte

Dionéia Motta Monte-Serrat, Carlo Cattani,
Abstract :
This article qualitatively analyzes the virtual essence of online classes, showing, according to the theory of French Discourse Analysis, the challenges to social boundaries imposed by the interference of technology. First-year undergraduate students at a private university in Ribeirao Preto, Brazil, reported discomfort experienced in practical and theoretical activities through the Google Classroom environment. Researchers emphasize that this results from an effort aimed at social and emotional projection as real people in the virtual environment. The discussion involves works by Foucault, Magritte to explain the role of language - to define the possibilities of appearance and the values of truth - in the institutional presentation of the virtual environment: this is a classroom. The language makes a binding of the imaginary within the school space. The malaise results from what Foucault calls image betrayal, as there is a negotiation with the body, in order to discipline it and mold it into a virtual context, for it is not being experienced or experienced directly. It is up to teachers and students to update the new ‘language habit’ in relation to the interweaving, in the computer window, of living and visibility of the classroom. The awareness of the culture of deception enables to interrogate simulations on the screen and the nature of appearances in themselves, making it possible to explore widely the formation process of the social presence, which intermediates between computers and the human being.

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